1.flow from sth(formal) 来自；由…引起
undesirable consequences flow from these misconceptions.这些误解造成了不良的影响。
2.?proceed to do?sth?接下来做；接着做
he proceeded to tell me of my birth…
proceed with sth 继续进行；继续做, proceed from sth 由…引起；起因于；是…的结果
3.to imagine / envisage / visualize / picture / envision (sb) doing sth?设想\想象某人做某事
i dont envisage working with him again.
4. dilate on/upon sth?详述，铺叙某事
if i had time, i could dilate on this topic.
5.gravitate to/toward(s) sb/sth被吸引到；受吸引而转向
many young people gravitate to the cities in search of work.
6.so far as就…而论;尽…说;只就…说
this is a good book so far as its content is concerned.
7.by and large?大致上;总体上;总的说来
by and large, the rules for healthy eating are the same during pregnancy as at any other time.
he gave great encouragement to his students, especially if their passions happened to coincide with his own.
9.assent to sth同意某事
the director has given her assent to the proposals.
10.a / the main / major / key / central / principal / chief / prime aim / argument?主要的目标，论点
the principal reason for this omission is lack of time.
11.prime sb (for/with sth)事先指点；使（某人）做好准备
he had primed his friends to give the journalists as little information as possible.
12. be prone to?有…倾向的，易于…的,prone后接介词?to?或动词不定式。
tired drivers were found to be particularly prone to ignore warning signs.
be apt to do易于…的，有…倾向的?/ be liable to do易…的；易患…的?/be likely to do可能的
13.screw up your courage鼓起勇气
i finally screwed up my courage and went to the dentist.
14.be overcome with/by?受到…的极大影响,近义词overwhelm
the night before the test i was overcome by fear and despair…
15.be thronged with sb/sth挤满（人、汽车等）
the cafes were thronging with students.
16.confer with sb?商谈，协商
the manager decided to confer with his lawyer before he resigned.
17.in case of sth如果；假使;
in case of fire, ring the alarm bell.
in that case既然那样；假使那样的话;in case (…)以防；以防万一;
as the case may be根据具体情况；视情况而定; in the case of 具体例证
she spoke to both sides in the dispute in an attempt to smooth things over.
nothing can compensate for the loss of a loved one.
make up for弥补，补偿（令人不快的遭遇或损失）；offset
20.venture into/on sth冒险做
this is the first time the company has ventured into movie production.这是这家公司首次涉足电影制作。
she makes no reference to any feminist work other than her own
apart from; expect from,besides;in addition to
22.make a resolution to do?决心;决定
they made a resolution to lose all the weight gained during the christmas period.
23.intrinsic/ inherent qualities \value 内在的；本身的/固有的;内在的 品质、价值
the intrinsic value of education
24.relate to sth/sb涉及；与…相关；谈到
we shall discuss the problem as it relates to our specific case.
25.engage sb in sth（使）从事，参加
she tried desperately to engage him in conversation .
participate in/attend/took part in / join
the italian way is to round off a meal with an ice-cream…
27.be to do with与…有关;关于if you find video games a struggle, it could be to do with the size of certain parts of your brain, a study suggests.
28.commit sb/yourself (to sth/to doing sth)承诺，保证（做某事、遵守协议或遵从安排等）
the president is committed to reforming health care.
29.be bursting to do sth急于（或迫切想）做某事
she was bursting to tell him the good news.
30.ponder (about/on/over sth)]仔细考虑，深思
these are minor problems over which you neednt ponder too long.
31.be locked in/into sth陷入，卷入（困境、争论、争执等）
the two sides are locked into a bitter dispute.
32.prevent sb/sth (from doing sth)阻止；阻碍；阻挠
he is prevented by law from holding a licence.
it would take him the rest of his life to pay off that loan.
33.convert?(sth) (from sth) (into/to sth)（使）转变，转换，转化
the hotel is going to be converted into a nursing home.
they will take that problem apart and analyze it in great detail…
http://35.in?the process of在…的过程中;正在做
the government was in the process of dismantling the state-owned industries.
36.secede (from sth)退出，脱离（组织等）
singapore seceded from the federation of malaysia and became an independent sovereign state…
37.specialize in sth?在……方面有专长
they specialize in clothes for women with a fuller figure.
38.?be conducive to?sth?有助(于…)的;有益(于…)的
fresh air is conducive to health.
the world will be different, and we will have to be prepared to adapt to the change
40.be detrimental (to sb/sth)有害的;不利的
the policy will be detrimental to the peace process.
41.to gain/lack/lose credibility 获取?/?缺乏?/?失去信任
the prosecution did its best to undermine the credibility of the witness.
42.bear the high risk of?承担高风险
but real estate is a high-risk industry, while supporting the rapid development of real estate industry, the financial sector will inevitably bear the high risk of the real estate industry.
43.to render sth harmless/useless/ineffective使某事物无害?/?无用?/?无效
hundreds of people were rendered homeless by the earthquake.
i can see that they are not ready to depart from traditional practice.
45.rub off (on/onto sb)人的品质、行为、观点等) 感染；传给
her sense of fun has rubbed off on her children.
http://46.in?the light of根据，按照
in the light of later events the decision was proved right.
unemployment is once again in the spotlight.
48.~ sth to/for sb/sth专门制作；订做
special programmes of study are tailored to the needs of specific groups.
i always associate that song with my visit to hawaii.; hearing that song conjures up my trip to hawaii.
50.make an attempt?to do sth?试图做
at no time did i make an attempt to impede any investigatory effort.
51.expand on/upon sth详述；充分叙述；详细阐明
could you expand on that point, please?
52.forge ahead (with sth)迅速向前；进步神速
the company is forging ahead with its plans for expansion.
we need to tap the expertise of the people we already have.
they face a myriad of problems bringing up children…
countless infinite innumerable innumerous multitudinous numberless uncounted unnumberable
55.affiliate?sb/sth (with/to sb/sth)使隶属，使并入（较大的团体、公司、组织）
the hospital is affiliated with the local university.
56.hold/keep sb/sth at bay不让（敌人）接近；防止（问题恶化）
im trying to keep my creditors at bay.
57.swap?(sth) (with sb) | ~ sth for sth交换（东西）
i swapped my red scarf for her blue one.
it will be a very, very fine piece of mountaineering if they pull it off.
59.mount attacks on sth?对……发动攻击
the opposition is getting ready to mount a powerful attack on the government.
the product was developed in response to customer demand.
61.give a higher priority to sth?优先考虑某事
if possible, give a higher priority to the jobs that you anticipate will have the highest elapsed time.
62.take advantage of利用，占…的便宜;欺骗;捉弄
you may wish to take advantage of our instructional session.
63.be spared from?免于……
middle-income and wealthy taxpayers will be spared from income tax increase that would otherwise hit them.
64.be shot through with布满，充满，富有(某种因素或特征)
the series will tell heightened emotional stories and be shot through with dark humour and portray the pressures and pleasures of high-end surgery in a modern urban hospital.
65.liberate sb (from sth)使自由；使摆脱约束（或限制）
writing poetry liberated her from the routine of everyday life.
66.couple sb/sth with sb/sth[usually passive] 把…与…连接起来
overproduction, coupled with falling sales, has led to huge losses for the company.
she worked hard so that everything would be ready in time.
over time 随着时间的过去；超时， with the passage of time 随着时间的流逝
68.disapprove of不赞成 ; 不同意 ; 反对
most people disapprove of such violent tactics
many workers opted to leave their jobs rather than take a pay cut.
opt in (to sth)决定加入；选择参与，opt out (of sth)决定退出；选择不参与
teachers have a limited amount of time to interact with each child.
71.as opposed to而不是，相对于
how does a poem change when you read it out loud as opposed to it being on the page?
72.admonish sb (for sth/for doing sth)责备；告诫；警告
she was admonished for chewing gum in class.
73.attach?importance, significance, value, weight, etc. (to sth)认为有重要性（或意义、价值、分量等）；重视
i attach great importance to this research.
lay stress on注重;强调
the small car in preference to the larger one.
75. be tolerant of?宽容;容忍
they need to be tolerant of different points of view
76.concur (with sb) (in sth) | ~ (with sth)同意;赞同
historians have concurred with each other in this view.
all those entering and leaving the country shall submit to inspection at the port.
78.predispose sb to sth/to do sth使倾向于；使受…的影响
he believes that some people are predisposed to criminal behaviour.
79.have a bearing on?与…有关;对…有影响attention should be centred on the links that have a bearing on the situation as a whole.
80. abstain (from sth)戒；戒除，回避
to abstain from alcohol/sex/drugs
81.be disposed to有意,乐意，倾向于
i have taken life so seriously as to be disposed to optimism.
they accepted without demur.
83.adept (at/in sth) | ~ (at/in doing sth)?擅长做某事，精通
hes usually very adept at keeping his private life out of the media
be conversant with精通，熟练
84.be intent on专心致志于;意图;决心实行;专心于;抱定决心要实行
he was intent on getting to the office in time.
85. restrain sb/sth (from sth/from doing sth)（尤指用武力）制止，阻止，管制
they have obtained an injunction restraining the company from selling the product.
86.conspire against sb/sth | ~ to do sth 似乎共同导致（不良后果）
everything conspired to make her life a misery.
87.weigh?sth (up) | ~ (up) sth (against sth)?认真考虑；权衡；斟酌
i weighed the benefits of the plan against the risks involved.
deliberate on/upon/over sth 仔细考虑某事
88.be in/out of tune (with sb/sth)（与…）协调?/?不协调，一致?/?不一致，融洽?/?不融洽
these proposals are perfectly in tune with our own thoughts on the subject.
89.have designs on sth 企图将某物据为己有；图谋得到某物
rumours spread that the duke had designs on the crown (= wanted to make himself king) .
90.?alight on/upon sth?尤指偶然地）想到，发现，注意到
her eyes suddenly alighted on the bundle of documents.
91.be receptive?(to sth)（对新观点、建议等）愿意倾听的，乐于接受的
we need people who are receptive to new ideas.
92.be apparent (from sth) (that…) | ~ (to sb) (that…)显而易见；明白易懂；显然
it was apparent from her face that she was really upset.
93.be ineffective in/at doing sth?无效果的 ; 不起作用的 ; 不奏效的
and, as a group, we have been relatively ineffective at communicating our message.
94.allocate sth (for sth) | ~ sth (to sb/sth) | ~ (sb/sth) sth拨…（给）；划…（归）；分配…（给）
they intend to allocate more places to mature students this year.
95.invest (sth) (in sth)?投资
she had invested all her adult life in the relationship.
96.deteriorate (into sth) 变坏；恶化；退化
the discussion quickly deteriorated into an angry argument.
97.dictate to sb任意指使某人；向某人发号施令
she refused to be dictated to by anyone.
98.on the grounds that由于;基于……理由
the board has banned the film on the grounds that it contravenes criminal libel laws
99.elicit sth (from sb)引出；探出；诱出
her tears elicited great sympathy from her audience.
100.exclusive of sb/sth?不包括；不算；除…外
the price is for accommodation only, exclusive of meals.