100个考研英语超实用高频短语(怎么划分的?)缩略图


100个考研英语超实用高频短语(怎么划分的?)

1.flow from sth(formal) 来自;由…引起
undesirable consequences flow from these misconceptions.这些误解造成了不良的影响。

2.?proceed to do?sth?接下来做;接着做
he proceeded to tell me of my birth…
他接着给我讲我出生的事
proceed with sth 继续进行;继续做, proceed from sth 由…引起;起因于;是…的结果

3.to imagine / envisage / visualize / picture / envision (sb) doing sth?设想\想象某人做某事
i dont envisage working with him again.
我想象不出再与他一起工作的可能

4. dilate on/upon sth?详述,铺叙某事
if i had time, i could dilate on this topic.
如果我有时间,我就可以详谈这个话题。

5.gravitate to/toward(s) sb/sth被吸引到;受吸引而转向
many young people gravitate to the cities in search of work.
许多年轻人被吸引到城里找工作。

6.so far as就…而论;尽…说;只就…说
this is a good book so far as its content is concerned.
就内容来说,这是一本好书。

7.by and large?大致上;总体上;总的说来
by and large, the rules for healthy eating are the same during pregnancy as at any other time.
总的来说,怀孕期间健康饮食的原则和其他时期是一致的。

8.coincide with与…一致,?同时发生
he gave great encouragement to his students, especially if their passions happened to coincide with his own.
他给予学生莫大的鼓励,尤其是当他们与自己志趣相投时。

9.assent to sth同意某事
the director has given her assent to the proposals.
负责人已表示同意提案。
countenance,consent to

10.a / the main / major / key / central / principal / chief / prime aim / argument?主要的目标,论点
the principal reason for this omission is lack of time.
跳过它的主要原因是时间不足。

11.prime sb (for/with sth)事先指点;使(某人)做好准备
he had primed his friends to give the journalists as little information as possible.
他已经知会他的朋友,尽量少向记者透露消息。

12. be prone to?有…倾向的,易于…的,prone后接介词?to?或动词不定式。
tired drivers were found to be particularly prone to ignore warning signs.
据调查,疲劳驾车时特别容易忽视警示标志。
be apt to do易于…的,有…倾向的?/ be liable to do易…的;易患…的?/be likely to do可能的

13.screw up your courage鼓起勇气
i finally screwed up my courage and went to the dentist.
我终于鼓起勇气,去看了牙医。

14.be overcome with/by?受到…的极大影响,近义词overwhelm
the night before the test i was overcome by fear and despair…
考试前的晚上,恐惧和绝望让我内心无比惊慌。

15.be thronged with sb/sth挤满(人、汽车等)
the cafes were thronging with students.
小餐馆里都挤满了学生。

16.confer with sb?商谈,协商
the manager decided to confer with his lawyer before he resigned.
经理决定辞职之前先与自己的律师商谈一下。

17.in case of sth如果;假使;
in case of fire, ring the alarm bell.
如遇火警,即按警铃。
in that case既然那样;假使那样的话;in case (…)以防;以防万一;
as the case may be根据具体情况;视情况而定; in the case of 具体例证

18.smooth over?(尤指通过协商)减轻,缓和
she spoke to both sides in the dispute in an attempt to smooth things over.
她和争执双方谈话,试图进行调解。

19.compensate for补偿;弥补
nothing can compensate for the loss of a loved one.
失去心爱的人是无法补偿的。
make up for弥补,补偿(令人不快的遭遇或损失);offset

20.venture into/on sth冒险做
this is the first time the company has ventured into movie production.这是这家公司首次涉足电影制作。

21.other than除了…以外
she makes no reference to any feminist work other than her own
除了自己的之外,她没有提及其他女权主义著作。
apart from; expect from,besides;in addition to

22.make a resolution to do?决心;决定
they made a resolution to lose all the weight gained during the christmas period.
他们下定决心要减去圣诞期间增加的体重。

23.intrinsic/ inherent qualities \value 内在的;本身的/固有的;内在的 品质、价值
the intrinsic value of education
教育的固有价值
inbuilt/ innate/内在的;本质的;天生的/先天的;与生俱来的

24.relate to sth/sb涉及;与…相关;谈到
we shall discuss the problem as it relates to our specific case.
我们应针对我们的具体情况来讨论这个问题。

25.engage sb in sth(使)从事,参加
she tried desperately to engage him in conversation .
她用尽办法要他跟她谈话。
participate in/attend/took part in / join

26.?round off使…圆满结束
the italian way is to round off a meal with an ice-cream…
意大利人总是在用餐结束时来份冰激凌。

27.be to do with与…有关;关于if you find video games a struggle, it could be to do with the size of certain parts of your brain, a study suggests.
一项研究显示,如果你发现玩电子游戏是一种痛苦,那么可能跟你大脑某些部位的大小有关。

28.commit sb/yourself (to sth/to doing sth)承诺,保证(做某事、遵守协议或遵从安排等)
the president is committed to reforming health care.
总统承诺要改革卫生保健制度。

29.be bursting to do sth急于(或迫切想)做某事
she was bursting to tell him the good news.
她急不可待要把好消息告诉他。

30.ponder (about/on/over sth)]仔细考虑,深思
these are minor problems over which you neednt ponder too long.
这些小问题你不必考虑过多。

31.be locked in/into sth陷入,卷入(困境、争论、争执等)
the two sides are locked into a bitter dispute.
双方陷入了激烈的争论。

32.prevent sb/sth (from doing sth)阻止;阻碍;阻挠
he is prevented by law from holding a licence.
法律不准他持有执照。

33.pay off偿清,还清(债务);还清欠…的钱;用钱打发;成功;赢利
it would take him the rest of his life to pay off that loan.
他得用余生来还清那笔贷款。

33.convert?(sth) (from sth) (into/to sth)(使)转变,转换,转化
the hotel is going to be converted into a nursing home.
那家旅馆将被改建成私人疗养院。

34.take apart拆成零碎;拆开;拆散;拆解;指出…的不足;剖析
they will take that problem apart and analyze it in great detail…
他们会认真分析那个问题,指出其症结所在。

http://35.in?the process of在…的过程中;正在做
the government was in the process of dismantling the state-owned industries.
政府正在着手逐步废除国有企业。

36.secede (from sth)退出,脱离(组织等)
singapore seceded from the federation of malaysia and became an independent sovereign state…
新加坡脱离马来西亚联邦成为一个独立的主权国家。

37.specialize in sth?在……方面有专长
they specialize in clothes for women with a fuller figure.
他们专为体形较丰满的女士做衣服。

38.?be conducive to?sth?有助(于…)的;有益(于…)的
fresh air is conducive to health.
新鲜空气有利于健康。
.
39.adapt to?适应
the world will be different, and we will have to be prepared to adapt to the change
世界会变得不同,我们必须做好准备以适应其变化。

40.be detrimental (to sb/sth)有害的;不利的
the policy will be detrimental to the peace process.
这项政策将不利于和平进程。

41.to gain/lack/lose credibility 获取?/?缺乏?/?失去信任
the prosecution did its best to undermine the credibility of the witness.
原告竭力削弱证人的可信性。

42.bear the high risk of?承担高风险
but real estate is a high-risk industry, while supporting the rapid development of real estate industry, the financial sector will inevitably bear the high risk of the real estate industry.
然而房地产业是一个高风险的行业,房地产金融在支撑房地产业迅速发展的同时,不可避免地承担了房地产业的高风险。

43.to render sth harmless/useless/ineffective使某事物无害?/?无用?/?无效
hundreds of people were rendered homeless by the earthquake.
成百上千的人因为地震而无家可归。

44.depart from离开,出发;背离,违背
i can see that they are not ready to depart from traditional practice.
我想他们不是真的背离传统习惯。

45.rub off (on/onto sb)人的品质、行为、观点等) 感染;传给
her sense of fun has rubbed off on her children.
她的幽默感已经传给了她的孩子。

http://46.in?the light of根据,按照
in the light of later events the decision was proved right.
从后来发生的事看,这一决定证明是正确的。

http://47.in?the spotlight?成为公众关注的焦点;受到瞩目
unemployment is once again in the spotlight.
失业问题再次受到人们的关注。

48.~ sth to/for sb/sth专门制作;订做
special programmes of study are tailored to the needs of specific groups.
制订特殊课程,以满足特定群体的需要。

49.associate with与…交往,联系
i always associate that song with my visit to hawaii.; hearing that song conjures up my trip to hawaii.
听到那支歌我就会联想到我的夏威夷之行。

50.make an attempt?to do sth?试图做
at no time did i make an attempt to impede any investigatory effort.
我绝没有试图妨碍过任何调查工作。

51.expand on/upon sth详述;充分叙述;详细阐明
could you expand on that point, please?
请你把这一点详细说明一下好吗?

52.forge ahead (with sth)迅速向前;进步神速
the company is forging ahead with its plans for expansion.
公司的拓展计划正顺利进行。

53.tap?(into) sth利用,开发,发掘(已有的资源、知识等)
we need to tap the expertise of the people we already have.
我们需要利用我们现有人员的专业知识。

54.a myriad?of?大量的
they face a myriad of problems bringing up children…
他们在抚养孩子的过程中遇到了各种各样的问题。
countless infinite innumerable innumerous multitudinous numberless uncounted unnumberable

55.affiliate?sb/sth (with/to sb/sth)使隶属,使并入(较大的团体、公司、组织)
the hospital is affiliated with the local university.
这家医院附属于当地大学

56.hold/keep sb/sth at bay不让(敌人)接近;防止(问题恶化)
im trying to keep my creditors at bay.
我在竭力避开债主。

57.swap?(sth) (with sb) | ~ sth for sth交换(东西)
i swapped my red scarf for her blue one.
我用我的红围巾换了她的蓝围巾。

58.pull off?成功完成,做成(困难的事情);(车或驾车者)停靠(路边)
it will be a very, very fine piece of mountaineering if they pull it off.
如果他们能成功,那将是一次非常了不起的登山壮举。

59.mount attacks on sth?对……发动攻击
the opposition is getting ready to mount a powerful attack on the government.
反对党已准备好对政府发动一次有力的攻击。

http://60.in?response to?响应;回答;对…有反应
the product was developed in response to customer demand.
这种产品是为了满足顾客的需要而开发的。

61.give a higher priority to sth?优先考虑某事
if possible, give a higher priority to the jobs that you anticipate will have the highest elapsed time.
如果可能,为那些预计将历时最长的任务提供较高的优先级。

62.take advantage of利用,占…的便宜;欺骗;捉弄
you may wish to take advantage of our instructional session.
你应该充分利用我们的教学课程。

63.be spared from?免于……
middle-income and wealthy taxpayers will be spared from income tax increase that would otherwise hit them.
中高收入纳税人所得税不会增加,否则将会打击他们。

64.be shot through with布满,充满,富有(某种因素或特征)
the series will tell heightened emotional stories and be shot through with dark humour and portray the pressures and pleasures of high-end surgery in a modern urban hospital.
这部剧集将会运用黑色幽默来讲述复杂的情感故事,并描述了现代城市医院里高端外科手术室里的压力和乐趣。

65.liberate sb (from sth)使自由;使摆脱约束(或限制)
writing poetry liberated her from the routine of everyday life.
写诗使她从日常生活的例行公事中解脱出来。

66.couple sb/sth with sb/sth[usually passive] 把…与…连接起来
overproduction, coupled with falling sales, has led to huge losses for the company.
生产过剩加上销售下降使这家公司遭受巨大损失。
combine with

http://67.in?time及时
she worked hard so that everything would be ready in time.
她卖力地干着,为的是一切能够及时就序。
over time 随着时间的过去;超时, with the passage of time 随着时间的流逝

68.disapprove of不赞成 ; 不同意 ; 反对
most people disapprove of such violent tactics
多数人反对这种暴力的手段。

69.opt to?选择做
many workers opted to leave their jobs rather than take a pay cut.
许多工人宁肯下岗也不接受减薪。
opt in (to sth)决定加入;选择参与,opt out (of sth)决定退出;选择不参与

70.interact with?与…相互作用,与……互动
teachers have a limited amount of time to interact with each child.
教师和每个孩子沟通的时间有限。

71.as opposed to而不是,相对于
how does a poem change when you read it out loud as opposed to it being on the page?
将写在纸上的诗大声读出来会有怎样的不同?

72.admonish sb (for sth/for doing sth)责备;告诫;警告
she was admonished for chewing gum in class.
她在课堂上嚼口香糖,受到了告诫。

73.attach?importance, significance, value, weight, etc. (to sth)认为有重要性(或意义、价值、分量等);重视
i attach great importance to this research.
我认为这项研究十分重要。
lay stress on注重;强调

http://74.in?preference to优先于
id choose
100个考研英语超实用高频短语(怎么划分的?)插图
the small car in preference to the larger one.
我宁可选择那辆小的汽车而不要那辆大的。

75. be tolerant of?宽容;容忍
they need to be tolerant of different points of view
他们需要容忍不同的观点。

76.concur (with sb) (in sth) | ~ (with sth)同意;赞同
historians have concurred with each other in this view.
历史学家在这个观点上已取得一致意见。

77.submit to使某人忍受某事:
all those entering and leaving the country shall submit to inspection at the port.
出入境人员应接受口岸检察机关的查验。

78.predispose sb to sth/to do sth使倾向于;使受…的影响
he believes that some people are predisposed to criminal behaviour.
他认为有些人容易犯罪。

79.have a bearing on?与…有关;对…有影响attention should be centred on the links that have a bearing on the situation as a whole.
应该注意那些涉及全局的重要关节。

80. abstain (from sth)戒;戒除,回避 
to abstain from alcohol/sex/drugs
戒酒;禁欲;戒毒

81.be disposed to有意,乐意,倾向于
i have taken life so seriously as to be disposed to optimism.
我更倾向于乐观,因为我非常严肃地看待生命。

82.without demur毫无异议;毫不犹豫
they accepted without demur.
他们接受了,没有提出异议。

83.adept (at/in sth) | ~ (at/in doing sth)?擅长做某事,精通
hes usually very adept at keeping his private life out of the media
他通常很善于使自己的私生活避开媒体的关注。
be conversant with精通,熟练

84.be intent on专心致志于;意图;决心实行;专心于;抱定决心要实行
he was intent on getting to the office in time.
他一心想及时赶到办公室。

85. restrain sb/sth (from sth/from doing sth)(尤指用武力)制止,阻止,管制
they have obtained an injunction restraining the company from selling the product.
他们已经得到阻止这家公司出售这一产品的禁销令。

86.conspire against sb/sth | ~ to do sth 似乎共同导致(不良后果)
everything conspired to make her life a misery.
她命运多舛,生活悲惨。

87.weigh?sth (up) | ~ (up) sth (against sth)?认真考虑;权衡;斟酌
i weighed the benefits of the plan against the risks involved.
我认真权衡了这个计划的优点和有关的风险。
deliberate on/upon/over sth 仔细考虑某事

88.be in/out of tune (with sb/sth)(与…)协调?/?不协调,一致?/?不一致,融洽?/?不融洽
these proposals are perfectly in tune with our own thoughts on the subject.
这些建议与我们在这个问题上的想法完全一致。

89.have designs on sth 企图将某物据为己有;图谋得到某物
rumours spread that the duke had designs on the crown (= wanted to make himself king) .
谣传公爵觊觎王位。

90.?alight on/upon sth?尤指偶然地)想到,发现,注意到
her eyes suddenly alighted on the bundle of documents.
她的目光突然落到了这捆文件上。

91.be receptive?(to sth)(对新观点、建议等)愿意倾听的,乐于接受的
we need people who are receptive to new ideas.
我们需要一些愿意接受新思想的人。

92.be apparent (from sth) (that…) | ~ (to sb) (that…)显而易见;明白易懂;显然
it was apparent from her face that she was really upset.
从面容上一眼就可以看出她确实心绪烦乱。

93.be ineffective in/at doing sth?无效果的 ; 不起作用的 ; 不奏效的
and, as a group, we have been relatively ineffective at communicating our message.
而同时,作为一个群体的我们在信息交流方面相当无奈。

94.allocate sth (for sth) | ~ sth (to sb/sth) | ~ (sb/sth) sth拨…(给);划…(归);分配…(给)
they intend to allocate more places to mature students this year.
今年他们打算给成人学生提供更多的名额。

95.invest (sth) (in sth)?投资
she had invested all her adult life in the relationship.
她把成年后的时间全用于维护那一关系。

96.deteriorate (into sth) 变坏;恶化;退化
the discussion quickly deteriorated into an angry argument.
这场讨论迅速演变成愤怒的争吵。

97.dictate to sb任意指使某人;向某人发号施令
she refused to be dictated to by anyone.
她不愿受任何人摆布。

98.on the grounds that由于;基于……理由
the board has banned the film on the grounds that it contravenes criminal libel laws
委员会决定禁播这部电影,理由是它触犯了刑事诽谤法。

99.elicit sth (from sb)引出;探出;诱出
her tears elicited great sympathy from her audience.
她的眼泪博得观众的无限同情。

100.exclusive of sb/sth?不包括;不算;除…外
the price is for accommodation only, exclusive of meals.
此价只包括住宿,饭费除外。

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